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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 23, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> no whitewash on the war. the chair of britain's new inquiry into the iraq conflict insists it will be on compromise. more words on climate change. australia's prime minister tells us he believes a deal can be made. >> we have the capacity to lend a copenhagen agreement, one which deals with the corps
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policy challenges for the future. >> taking the temperature in timbuktu. is this the new front line against islamist extremism? very warm welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast for our viewers on pbs here in the u.s. and around the globe. my name is mike embley. coming up later for you -- searching for a pollution solution. india's government promises this time it will clean up the sacred waters of the ganges. >> this is the holy of holies, the embodiment of the goddess, mother ganges. but the water itself is absolutely filthy. >> oh, look. >> from consternations you celebration. birthday congratulations. -- from consternation at suit celebration. birthday congratulations at buckingham palace.
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hello to you. a full account of the controversial decisions that took britain into the iraq war will be made public. that is the promise from the man heading the inquiry about to begin in london. tomorrow, evidence will be heard from senior officials and politicians, including former prime minister tony blair. he insists the committee will act independently of the government. one goal, he says, is to learn lessons for the future. we have this report. >> it is more than six years as britain and america sent forces to topple the government of saddam hussein. it was one of the most controversial foreign-policy decisions of recent decades. >> we will stand up for what we know to be right. >> then-prime minister tony blair believes passionately the war was justified. >> others thought differently, and hundreds of thousands
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marched in the streets of britain in protest. now five privy councilors, all appointed by downing street, will investigate how and why britain went to war. they insist they are not government's placement. they say the inquiry will not be a whitewash. >> when you set up an independent inquiry of this sort, you said the members free to do what they will. our determination is to do, not merely a thorough job, but one that is frank and will bear public scrutiny. >> inquiry will hear from key witnesses, people like the former ambassador to the united nations, the former chairman of the political committee empowered chief of mi6, and the chief of mi6 a the time of invasion. examinations show there were
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critical shortcomings. on planning, documents revealed that the war effort was lacking in resources. all materials for the inquiry to consider. >> what they will hope to do is to build as full a picture as possible from the documents they have seen come from questioning senior officials, before tony blair comes to set right here to give evidence early in the new year. -- to sit right here to give evidence early in the new year. no one will be on trial here, at least in the formal sense. there is no question it is the evidence of the former prime minister that is most keenly anticipated, especially by the relatives of those who have died in iraq. this man's son was killed in 2003. >> it is important to make sure that those responsible are brought to book. we also want to make sure that nobody else has to go through what we went through. >> six years on, the quest for
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answers as to why britain went to war in iraq is about to be resumed. bbc news, at the iraq inquiry. >> the british government's record in office, under scrutiny, and so, too, do the country's parliamentarians. they will now decide whether to press charges for fraud or false accounting. the family of an individual shot dead by a london police in 2005 have reached a deal for compensation with police. the amount is not confirmed. officers killed in on an underground train thinking was a suicide bomber. the admitted making a terrible mistake. reports from egypt say israel and the palestinian movement hamas are close to an agreement to exchange detainees for a captured israeli soldier.
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a delegation is in cairo to discuss the deal mediated by egypt and by germany. president obama is saying he will decide in the coming days whether to attend next month's climate change summit in copenhagen, and he says the u.s. will propose a target for emissions at that meeting. one key player that will definitely be there now believes the political framework for the deal is possible. australia's prime minister kevin rudd spoke to the bbc. >> ahead of the copenhagen summit, australia's prime minister has been asked to be a friend of the chair. that is to say he will be a key negotiator. he is also the leader of the world's leading exporter of coal. he was to be a part of the
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solution, but his country is a major part of the problem. >> nastia. >> he knows a legally-binding treaty will not be made in copenhagen, but he is hoping for a political agreement. >> there is an enormous and political obligation for this generation of world leaders. the pressure has mounted. i said before we are capable of delivering an agreement. it does not mean it is inevitable we will get there. we are capable of it. i believe there is a strong and high degree of political results, in many of the leaders around the world -- it will be very tough. >> australia is often called "the core of the world -- quarry of the world." does this undermine his green credentials in his green diplomacy? >> i have said, quite frankly, to my colleagues from the rest of the developed world and
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developing countries that i stand before you as the prime minister of a country which is the largest per-capita hea mattr of coal around world. it is better we perceive facts as they are and it changed the. >> the bush fire season has started in australia already, with blazes that are unusually tense and early. with the country on the breadth of its worst drought in a century, the prime minister blames it on global warming. but the clock ticking, he says the world should take heed. bbc news. >> in cambodia, prosecutors are demanding the maximum possible punishment in the first major trial of a khmer rouge leader. he is being asked to confront his victims and their families. he has admitted to running and the tories present, but he says
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he was only following orders. we have more at the courthouse. >> this was a day for the survivors. among them, one of only three people still alive who know what it was like to be a prisoner at the detention center run by the man on trial. >> this is the first international criminal tribunal to give victims of voice in court. the path has not run smoothly, but supporters say it has improved the connection between the judicial process and the people most affected by the khmer rouge atrocities. the victims were the first to present closing arguments through a civil party lawyers. there has been resentment that the defendant has spoken at length throughout the trial, but although key has apologize for atrocities, the victims -- but although he has apologized
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for atrocities, the victims do not believe he is telling the truth. >> even today, he has tried to evade or minimize his role. the reality is -- the awful reality -- it was 21, and the regime that operated there and the fate that befell some many. >> the court will hear closing arguments in the coming days, and then the judges will retire to consider verdicts, a process which will take several months. bbc news. >> terrorism in north africa was once a minor concern for the u.s. and europe, but that seems to have changed. from out of the vast north african desert, an organization calling itself al-qaeda in the mob grabbed has been mounting attacks. -- al-qaeda in the maghreb.
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>> timbuktu. sleepy, sandy, and famously remote. could this be a new front line in the war against islamist extremism? somewhere in the desert here, militants linked to al-qaeda are known to be hiding in small, mobile units, using the sahara as a launch pad for kidnappings and bombings. british tourist -- a british tourist was killed here in june. >> but tracking down the militants, in this vast impoverished re-region, is proving a struggle. >> if this threat is real, i think the world's powers need to help us fight it. we need to before it is too late. >> this is the start. american military hardware
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handed over. it will train and strengthen armies throughout the region. there'll also be desert patrols in neighboring mauritania. this is now a safe harbor for islamic militants. but does that mean is that region is destined to become the next afghanistan? local people here are convinced the threat is being exaggerated. in timbuktu, the authorities seem far more worried about the damage to their tourism industry and the possibility of attacks. >> what you say about it being too dangerous for foreigners? >> is absolutely not true. -- it is absolutely not true. here, you can walk everywhere you want any time. you can do what ever you want. you will be safe. >> the tourist numbers have had
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in the last year, but global threats and fears have finally reached this area. bbc news, timbuktu. >> much more to come up for you on the "bbc world news." including -- ocean discoveries you have never seen before. first though, a weekend of this to the republican violence. security forces in northern ireland were on full alert, and it could have easily been much worse. politicians from all major parties had been united in condemnation of the attacks. >> the convoy in belfast saturday night was so big, police have not moved it. the police are examining the 400 tons of explosive. dissident parties are being blamed for the bomb. in recent months, dissidents
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have gotten help from former members of the provisional ira and who the become disillusioned with the peace process, as well as paramilitaries and young people. >> they are trying to attract a new generation of paramilitaries, attempting to lower, young -- attempting to lure young, unemployed males. but they have been warned not to do it by politicians on all sides. he says dissidents will achieve nothing with violence. >> especially young people, they have been caught up in the spirit, and talk to us. we are prepared to show them the difference. >> at the weekend of violence was designed to wreck the peace process. >> if their intention is to undermine confidence, to
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undermine the institution, then they are signaling failing to do that because people are united in opposition to their despicable behavior. >> of life goes on in northern ireland. it is unrecognizable from the dark days of the troubles. the peace process moves on, and in spite of the threat of more violence. bbc news. >> the latest headlines for you on "bbc world news." the man in charge of the inquiry into britain's inquiry in -- inquiry into britain's involvement in the iraq war promises it will not be a whitewash. australia's prime minister says he believes a deal on global warming can be reached at next month's climate summit in copenhagen. america's relationship with india comes under the spotlight this week. the prime minister is in
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washington will be at the white house on tuesday for the first state dinner of the obama administration. our correspondent has been talking to indian americans about how things are between the world's two largest democracies. >> his excellency -- the prime minister of the republic of india -- >> the g-20 summit sought india recognized as a global leader. the indian prime minister enjoyed a warm welcome from president obama who was eager to build on a profitable partnership. trade from the -- trade between the two countries has doubled in the last five years. indian entrepreneurs have created a high-tech corridor in virginia. >> there are a lot of people in -- with talent. some of those talents are in high demand throughout the war. the amount of graduates who are coming out of the american
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universities cannot fill the need. i believe the talent pool that india brings to the table can be and has been a tremendous asset to many u.s. corporations. >> the indian economy is coming back faster on the global recession, which this year's growth projected at 6.5%. the ambassador from india stresses that development is a priority in climate change. >> for countries like india, the development continues to be key. we must handle the problems of poverty and environmental degradation. it is dependent on our bill -- ability to overcome poverty. >> also advised on regional security for president obama. the indian stress sustained investment, and say countering terror is a long game.
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with the hostage siege in mumbai, that terror was appreciated. we also heard a plea from the student leader for her fellow americans to recognize the positive achievements of her parents' country. >> the focus -- the-events are going on. terrorist attacks, bombings. there are so many positives that are going on. the elections that happened earlier. there were mobilizing, coming together. these democratic elections. he did not read about that so much as the mumbai attacks. >> this relationship is not without tension. there is the deal to share nuclear technology, the americas focus on neighboring pakistan. but india can relish the attention this week as the red carpet is rolled up at the white house. bbc news, washington. >> and billions will be spent
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over the next 10 years in india to clean up the river ganges. the quality of the water has deteriorated markedly. our southeast asia correspondent has this for us. >> on the banks of the ganges in india's holiest city, they are cremating the dead. dying is a particularly auspicious. it releases the soul. hindus come here to purify their souls in the river. everything depends on it. >> this is the holy of holies, the embodiment of the goddess, mother ganges. but the water itself is absolutely filthy. in the harsh light of day, scientists measure of how bad it is. government programs have been trying to clean up the ganges for 25 years. but the laboratory tests are
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conclusive -- is getting worse. raw comic human sewage is to blame. >> no matter what it is -- >> is the quality the water does not improve, what does that do? >> tended to come dead. it will not be for any years. >> that will affect entire communities. fishermen on the edge of town prey to the goddess of good fortune every day. -- prey to the goddess of good fortune every day. -- pray to the goddess of the fortune every day. the river is changing, this man says. >> we are finding it really difficult to finish. we used to get a great catch. not anymore. we are only surviving. our children will suffer.
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without fishing, we are doomed. >> pilgrims come debate on in his holy waters, but the combination of pollution and the changing climate are bringing the ganges to a point of crisis. it is not sustainable. a whole way of life will one day disappear if nothing is done. bbc news. >> and there has been aboard in the indian parliament over the leaking of a report which indicates senior leaders of the hindu nationalist party in an incident at a mosque several years ago. that incident led to riots and 2000 deaths. safety officials have blamed poor management and inadequate safety measures for an explosion in northeast china and the's coal mine. it is reported the director and two other officials have been
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sacked. it looks as though microsoft may have fired the opening shots in a war that could in free news on any internet. the software giant has offered to pay rupert murdoch's news corp. to take its content of the google search engine and put it exclusively on at microsoft's own. they are weird and wonderful. the deepest reaches of the osha. 5000 new species. the results are spectacular. >> some of the extraordinary creatures that exist in the darkest corners of our oceans. most of never been seen before. this octopus is nicknamed "dumbo" thanks to the years that propel him along. scientists have been astonished by the vast numbers living in the dark. they have counted 17,000 different species, with 5000 new
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discoveries. the latest findings have come from the mid atlantic from a project called the international senses of marine life. >> this is really interesting. we have some sonographs here. >> they are trying to identify every organism living in the earth. >> to gauge the excitement, you have to be there when a sample comes on board, either from a submersible or a trawl. this is not just scientific excitement. there is the amazement at new species. >> some are not the most attractive, but they have been the most inventive in adapting to this extreme environment. the surprising-looking sea cucumber feeds on animal droppings. others survive on decomposing me thane and even oil. just some of the unexpected
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discoveries from the--- 10-year project. >> one woman was thrilled to receive a card from queen elizabeth, but nine birthdays later, nine royal cards. it became, one way or another, a birth a disappointment. today, katie is 110. >> in the post lady's hand is the birthday card which will make somebody very happy or very cross. waiting upstairs, katie masters, 110 today. we first met her after her 109th birthday. she was so sick of getting the same card from the clean every year, she wrote to buckingham palace to complain. >> what did you not like? >> the dress.
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yellow. every year. >> you were fed up with that? >> yes. >> the palace took her complaint so seriously, prince william was sent round to her care home to apologize. he promised he would make sure next time she would get a different card. which brings us to today. >> this is the moment of truth. "happy 110th birthday." >> the ninth year. >> from her majesty. >> looking on, the queen in her dreaded yellow dress. >> oh, look. [unintelligible] it is blue. >> it is blue. >> is lovely. -- it is lovely. oh, yes.
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that will do. that will do. >> you prefer that one? >> yes. >> it is the present she wanted most of all. the question now -- what color would you like next year? >> [unintelligible] [laughter] >> bbc news. >> one happy customer. you'll get more on that and all the international news anytime you want it at that is the gateway. just click through their to the new site. thank you for being with us. >> funding was made possible by york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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